warm-up; Em Dash The em dash gets its name because of its length. It is about the same width as the letter "M". The em dash is longer than the hyphen or the en dash. To form a true em dash on most PCs hold down the ALT key while typing 0151 on the numerical pad on the right side of your keyboard —. British/Canadian style guides seem wildly inconsistent on the issue of the em and en dash. Some say to use the en dash instead of the em dash, while others go so far as to advocate using the hyphen, advice that would lead to confusion, as we have noted above. Hyphens join words together and should be used to help form a single idea from two words or avoid ambiguity in your writing. While the AP Stylebook admits that there is not necessarily a standard way to use them, and that most instances come own to personal style or taste, it. Also, the em dash may serve as a sort of bullet point, as in this to-do list: —wash the car —walk the dog —attempt to explain em and en dashes. This explanation is not intended to be exhaustive for much more, see chapter 6 in CMOS, but I do hope that it helps to frame the different potential of each length of dash. 06/05/2013 · But The Chicago Manual of Style,. 20 Responses to “Use a Dash for Number Ranges. I get an em dash by typing two dashes together which get merged by computer software. Otherwise it’s just a single dash/hyphen from the lower-case side of the underscore key.
En dash. The en dash – is slightly wider than the hyphen - but narrower than the em dash —. The typical computer keyboard lacks a dedicated key for the en dash, though most word processors provide a means for its insertion. Span or range of numbers. The en dash is used to represent a span or range of numbers, dates, or time. A full suite of products to help you stay in style, whether on your desktop, laptop, smartphone or tablet. print, web, mobile. Sign up for Twitter. Not on Twitter? Sign up, tune into the things you care about,. We have a lengthy dash entry in our punctuation chapter but it doesn't specify em dash or en dash. Types of dash. Usage varies both within English and in other languages, but the usual convention in printed English text is as follows: An em dash or a spaced en dash can be used to mark a break in a sentence, and a pair can be used to set off parenthetical statements. I was trained in Chicago style, and I’ve just started using AP style in a new job in Corporate Communications. So I was ripe for your article. Thanks for sharing your knowledge so clearly. I had a thought on the matter of how to coordinate quotation marks with the ellipsis in AP style.
Associated Press style basics Pixabay By. AP style is designed to address the challenges of the organization’s large size and readership. generally followed by the state or country, and then a long dash. Certain large cities can stand alone; see the AP Stylebook for a listing. Don’t place colons after sentence fragments; whatever precedes the colon should always be able to stand on its own. Additionally, you should never put a dash next to a colon, since the dash simply doesn’t serve any purpose in this construction. With these rules in mind, knowing how and when to use a colon in AP style should be much easier. used in this guide. Most newspapers, however, set the em dash off with a single space on each side. Example: Most newspapers — and all that follow AP style — insert a space before and after the em dash. Producing the em dash: Many modern word processors will automatically insert an em dash when you type a pair of hyphens. The style used for an em dash is dependent on whether the publication you’re writing for requires AP style spaces around em dash, CMOS style no spaces, APA style no spaces, MLA style no spaces, AMA no spaces, and so on. AP style used in journalism is the only style that uses spaces around an em dash.
A dash also introduces extra or defining material, but, well, a dash is quite a dramatic punctuation mark. A dashing young man is certainly not an ordinary young man, and if you're dashing off to the store, you're not just going to the store, you're going in a flurry. In these latter examples, the capitalized departments are either proper nouns English or proper adjectives American, Eastern European, so AP Style capitalizes them. You also capitalize the name of an academic department in AP Style if it the official and formal name of the department. For example.
Every style guide I checked, except the AP Stylebook, stated there should be no spaces between an em-dash and the adjacent words. That means it is a style choice. If you're writing for a newspaper, magazine, or website that uses Associated Press style, put in the spaces. Otherwise, leave them out. So. Follow AP style governing use before “and” in a series consisting of three or more elements;. Macintosh users make an em dash by typing “option-shift-hyphen.” Others should simply type two hyphens. The “en dash” is half the length of the em dash, but longer than a hyphen. It’s also the longest of the dashes hyphen, en dash. Why is it called em dash? The name comes from typography—the work of setting, arranging, and printing types. An em dash is a dash that is the width of an M. How do you type an em dash? The hyphen, double hyphen, and minus sign are encroaching on the territory of the em dash with. by Chelsea Lee Punctuation Junction: A series about what happens when punctuation marks collide. The hyphen -, en dash –, and forward slash / are three punctuation marks used to indicate a relationship between words or phrases. Respectively, each mark.
For example, Chicago Style dictates that you must not have spaces before and after the em dash, while AP Style dictates that you should have spaces before and after, except when used to introduce items in a vertical list. See this article for more information. If you are not using a style. Why New Mexico is “N.M.” and West Virginia is “W.Va.” is unclear, but if you’re keen on following AP rules, then this is need-to-know information. If you’d like a more visually appealing way to reference AP style state name abbreviations, save this map we’ve created with all.
This post demonstrates how to use em dashes in sentences and dialogue and. How to Create a Nonbreaking Dash in. Acrobat Pro Acrobat Standard Adobe Acrobat Reader AMA style APA style AP style blogging book review business editing business writing capitalization Chicago style copyediting dictionaries editing tips formatting grammar. 28/07/2014 · Duking it Out: Parentheses vs. Dash. make sentences unnecessarily wordy? In looking at the AP style guide, we find that the popularity of parentheses is on the wane. As a matter of fact. the em dash and the en dash. The em dash is about as wide as the letter M, while the slightly shorter en dash is about as wide as an N. It's easy to use the hyphen, em dash and en dash also known as n dash and m dash, or n-dash and m-dash to make your writing flow better. Let's look at examples of dashes, the rules for using the en dash, and compare how dashes are used in writing. Q. Our typesetter applied Chicago’s never-add-a-hyphen-to-a-URL-breaking-over-two-lines rule to hashtags breaking over two lines specifically “MeToo”, and the proofreader marked to force them all to one line, which may result in a lot of loose/tight lines since this occurs quite frequently.
Let’s Make a Dash for It: The Different Dashes and When to Use Them. Leave a reply. The em dash, which is the width. If you use AP style regularly, you might want to turn of autocorrect for dashes, or Word will automatically turn the Space-Dash-Space combo into an en dash.
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